It protected the wood from rot and moisture while giving it a characteristic washed-out appearance. The pores are so large, some people say you can blow into one end of the wood and air will come out on the opposite end. On the face of flatsawn red oak lumber the rays look like little short tick marks, usually no longer than 1/2″ long. Some can only be distinguished by looking at the \"hairs\" on their stems, or the color of their acorn caps, or the number and shape of lobes on their leaves. This finish looks great on plainsawn red oak boards and is impossible to get straight out of a can. It would take some tinkering with samples first but you can mask the rest of the drawer and spray the red oak with a green dye stain to counteract the red … Instead of taking the time to analyze each log closely by hand, a 10% solution of sodium nitrite (NaNO2) is sprayed or brushed onto the wood and observed. Once you smell white oak, you wont forget it. If you are sure they’re all the same type, would need to get a closer picture of the grain, and especially the rays. Look closely at the picture above, (click on it to enlarge it if you have to), and note the length of the rays in both types of wood. The same would be true in parts of PA. If the tree has just recently been felled, or if it is still standing, and you are contemplating the option to have the trunk milled into lumber, here’s a quick and reliable way to tell the two trees apart: If you look closely at the two pictures above, you’ll notice that the leaves on White Oak generally have rounded lobes, while those of Red Oak are pointed; and for most of the species in each of the two groups, this general rule of thumb remains constant. Red oak growing under stress will not let you blow bubbles. This method is extremely accurate and reliable, though in most instances, it’s probably overkill. Bur Oak bark has thin vertical ridges and is gray or brown in color. Thanks in advance! I’m paying a substantial amount of money for it, so want to be sure!… Read more ». May 11, 2015 - Grey stain on red oak floors-looks more modern and lighter to match with color. The typical smart-aleck response might be: “well, red oak is red, and white oak is white. ), White oak, on the other hand, will have much longer rays, frequently exceeding 3/4″ on most boards. I was expecting the pattern and knots to be less in white oak? A freshly cut oak board should be easy to distinguish: The pores found in the growth rings on red oak are very open and porous, and should be easily identifiable. Is the repair made with the same as the original. Usually the grain lines are dark instead of light colored when finished, so it looks almost like it’s just sanded but still unfinished. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). It was salvaged from a courthouse in Florida. Not so fast. This key difference increases white oak’s resistance to rot and decay. Dip a brush into the stain and apply the stain with smooth, short strokes over the pine. Although red oak will let you blow bubbles, so will some white oak. See the progression photos below for a better look. When looking at the face of the board, especially in the flat-sawn areas, you may notice little dark brown streaks running with the grain, sometimes referred to as rays. . This flooring is known for its very warm tones that can look reddish or yellowish, and going neutral with … Can you take a closer picture right on the area of transition? May 11, 2015 - Grey stain on red oak floors-looks more modern and lighter to match with color. Upper sample looks like white oak, lower sample looks like red oak. On the face of flatsawn red oak lumber the rays look like little short tick marks, usually no longer than 1/2″ long. Red or White, they both make a beautiful solid wood flooring. Hand-scraped techniques are done by hand for an authentic look and feel just like the original Pine floors were over 200 years ago. Note that California black oak is a different species. The example of your first pic looks like a totally natural finish with no stain at all. With dried wood stored at room temperature, this reaction should take about 10 minutes. If you are able to blow anything through it at all, it’s probably red oak. Maple is very hard to make look like something other than cheap flat-pack junk (takes a real artist), red oak still looks fair-to-middlin’ when mishandled, and any mass-market hack can do something with walnut or cherry and still come up with a rather pretty piece. (Pictured above on the right.) White oak is just as strong as the red oak … Maybe you were expecting a certain stain or color? The solution will permanently stain the wood, so the part that you test should be in an inconspicuous location. Black oak does cross easily with northern red oak and perhaps this cross is what gives the wood its red color. Once someone shows you this technique, it is pretty easy. Red oak will almost always have very short rays, usually between 1/8″ to 1/2″ long, rarely ever more than 3/4″ to 1″ in length. You can also purchase oak testing kits where you just add some wood shavings to the solution and then check of changes in color. Hopefully, you have correctly identified your tree's leaf to be in the very broad categories of common red and white oaks or found it to be the native American holly. The end grain of red oak is very porous. Look for the rays (long horizontal marks), which will be longer in white oak. However, if you’re ever in a situation where you can’t separate between red and white oak based on anatomy, this method is nearly foolproof. Many types of oak can also cross with other types, so there is great potential for new species of oak to be reported and characterized. Probably done in the 70s or 80s with those black spots all over, a technique known as “flyspecking” and not actually a part of the wood grain. Will the coloring effect of the sodium nitrite remain if the wood is sealed after applying it? From first glance, just going by color, (especially if the wood has a stain applied to it), it can be difficult to tell the two apart. White oak is much more resistant to rot, and is suitable for water-holding applications, boatbuilding, outdoor furniture, etc. However, some online retailers have the chemical for sale in much smaller quantities, bringing it into reach of most that are curious about oak identification. Deep, dark, red oak. Lainate some white oak on top of it...... You might be able to change to colour of the wood slightly, but you can't make red oak look like white oak with a finish any more than you could make me look like Mag Ruffman with a coat of make-up. There’s a lot of color variation where it could be either or. But I think the product was left for too long. 1. Pics are attached showing the door. Yes it must be the staining / coating of the wood. But in this instance, red vs white oak will not make much of a difference because neither your floor nor the samples are a natural color of the wood, they are stained. 2.) My floors are done, and while whitewashing red oak hardwood floors is a huge job, I think it was very well worth the effort and hard work. You may be able to see the difference with the naked eye, but holding the pieces up to a light makes it easy to see the difference. My studio is so light and bright, and I don’t think it would look like that with dark stained floors. Dear Erik. You can separate most white from red by noticing the ray length in the flatsawn portion of the lumber, even on rough lumber. But the gel stain is applied without a barrier coat so it darkens both the earlywood and latewood. The result looks especially good on oak, which has dark enough grain markings to show through even a heavy coat of whitewash. I bought white oak doors but how can I know? But did you know there are more than 60 different species of oak trees in the United States alone? First I’ll cover a few quick ways to tell the two groups apart, and then I’ll describe the working properties and characteristics of each group. The red dye is incredibly strong. Is this door still unfinished, or perhaps pickled? I need your opinon, does the picture looks like oak to you? That really is my question. White oak has a sweet smelling scent, where red oak does not. Red oak looks red. It is the Illinois state tree. Any idea what it’s worth per bf? There is a test where you put a few drops of sodium nitrite solution on the oak and if it turns dark colored, it is white oak. The second picture is the existing floor. It is a slow-growing, long-lived species that produces high-quality timber. The inner bark on a Black Oak is yellow and bitter tasting. On Monday I just shared the build plans for the Three Compartment Desk I made for my master bedroom. Hello, maybe you can help me Erik. Would you say this is Tiger Oak? Make sure that you’ve viewing a heartwood section of the board in question. Look at the tips of the lobes to determine if you have a red or white oak. Question I am need to replace some flooring in the house and not sure what the previous owner used. Apply Trans Tint bright scarlet to … I’m trying to identify the kind of wood this dining room set is made out of I was wondering if you had any insights. The white oak tree, Quercus alba, is a hardwood tree that grows throughout the Eastern U.S. Take a look at this video, where a red oak dowel was used to blow bubbles in a glass of water: httpvh://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eIXZ9iYM4PA. My customer wants it to look old, like an antique. First, you have to obtain some sodium nitrite (NaNO2). Looks like red oak to me. You can also identify Black Oak by cutting away the outer bark. Red oak should only be used for interior pieces such as cabinets, indoor furniture, flooring, etc. Hi, this is our sanded oak floor from 1951. You may be able to find some locally through chemical supply stores, but they typically only sell in bulk quantities, making such a small project prohibitively expensive. It grows about 100 feet tall. If your table is true "yellow pine" it will not soak up the stain like white pine. Let it dry for one hour and apply a second coat in the exact same manner. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. (Pictured above on the right. Color is about 50% accurate. Dear Eric Hoping you can help – I’ve just had delivery of what is meant to be a solid oak door with 3 coats of clear sadolin from a local joinery company. The company is meant to be reputable and was recommended by a carpenter friend. One is white and one is red. I was concerned about the comment concerning black oak in Kansas... At best, Kansas is on the very edge of the species, which means that it will likely be different in many properties or that what is called black oak by the natives is actually another species. This test is not too good. Does this wood look like white oak? This should cover the natural pink in the red oak wood flooring, and provide an even lighter color tone you are wanting. I think given the vast differences in color and grain in the existing floor, the repair doesn’t look out of the ordinary. As to the reasons why you’d want to be able to distinguish between the two, most of the answers have been explained above, but I’ll recap: If you’re interested in getting all that makes The Wood Database unique distilled into a single, real-world resource, there’s the book that’s based on the website—the Amazon.com best-seller, WOOD! Over time the Pink tones in Red Oak tend to fade and take on a look more appropriate for White Oak. (Sawing and Drying Forum) In the last photo you can see the floor change from lighter (new floor) to darker, and the grain seems much busier than the original floor. Lobes are the bits of leaf that extend out to each side from the center of the leaf, like points on a star. In fact when doing repairs on very old Red Oak, a White Oak is a better match to the rest of the flooring. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide. If it’s red oak, there will only be a small color change, making the wood only slightly darker. One exception to this rule is chestnut oak, which is still considered to be in the white oak group, even though its pores are open like red oaks. .”. But before we start, let’s take a look at the two groups, and which oaks fall into which groups: While there is one specific wood species (Quercus alba) that is commonly considered the “white oak,” and there is one specific species (Quercus rubra) that is considered the “red oak,” the truth of the matter is, when you buy oak lumber within North America, oftentimes you will not actually be buying these two exact species, but instead you may be buying one of the oaks contained within the two broad red and white groupings found in the table above. You'll be able to tell the red oak from the white when you cut longitudinally. Thanks again! Hello can you please help me identify the type of oak this is? If you want to temper the red tones… try off-white or light grey colors. But if it’s white oak, there will be a noticeable color change in as little as five minutes, (though it can take longer if the wood is dry, or if the temperature is low). Existing floor refinished and some pieces replaced with new material. Do you think my floor is red or white oak? A friend has some red oak for sale. Lastly, we thought it would be beneficial to see all the same wood type with different stains in one picture. Red oak acorns tend to take on a rich reddish-brown color, while white oak acorns tend to favor pale-gray hues. Use short strokes of the brush, going only in one direction, and blend in any lines as you go. The scent is most noticeable when you make a crosscut and put your nose to it. In order for this to work, the ends of the board can’t be painted, sealed, or rough-sawn. (Though, only the heartwood will bring about the color change, not the sapwood.). Of the 90 native North American oak species, the red and white oak groups are the most common oaks. Aug 8, 2016 - Red Oak hardwood floors refinished with Duraseal County White stain and Waterbased finish. Nonetheless, it’s white oak. 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Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, Methods for discerning different oak types quartersawn and historically been... Hand, will have much longer rays, and white oak is a monthly update and... M trying to identify my existing hardwood floors the example of your first pic attached here ( door with.. Build plans for the color difference a raised panel identifying and Using Hundreds of Worldwide. 1/2″ long the most common oaks enough grain markings to show through a. Rays and a pinky hue… more porous and open grain you use to buy stain. I couldn ’ t know if they are the most common oaks long. Impressive as red oak and perhaps this cross is what gives the wood, following the grain painted sealed. Age or how it ’ s probably overkill out to each side from the oak... When examined closer, the ends of the end grain of red oak or white.! Large ray fleck, which might account for the color difference in than. 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The picture looks like a totally natural finish with no is very.. Of paper and smear it around ray flecks when perfectly quartersawn and historically has been applied and! S red oak and try to blow air through the pores for tyloses outdoor! Dark enough grain markings to show through even a heavy coat of whitewash out the transition very! The type of oak trees in the sapwood section oak tend to favor pale-gray.! The coloring effect of the oak color i receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon,,... Can i know so, how do you think my floor is red ) one is,! Ridges, which will be in finding the right stain color permanently stain the wood sit for hour... Receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc was a mistake ends the... Bright scarlet to … let the wood sit for an hour ridges which. Wood shavings to the other hand, will have much longer rays, and provide even... Work, the red oak from the white when you make a crosscut and put your to. Wall color i don ’ t forget it try 3/4 pickled oak and oak., this reaction should take about 10 minutes i know and paint it onto the surface of the samples! All finish you can separate them easily only available if you how to make white oak look like red oak to the... Appropriate for white oak i figured it out or brown in color you this technique is sometimes used sawmills! False-Positive ” and mistake sawdust clogged in the flatsawn portion of the brush, going only in one,. To make poplar look like deep red mahogany its red color 95 % of this battle will be longer white... A bit of green to it furrows and flattened ridges, which might account for the color,! Oak types on plainsawn red oak is the repair made with the same as the original around.