The prisoners were mostly Government prisoners with an occasional civil prisoner (such as a murderer or rapist) thrown in. For specific details about each park, please visit the park website page. Atlantic Beach, NC 28512 Fort Macon and the surrounding property was the second area acquired by the state for the purpose of establishing a state parks system. Fort Hawkins, birthplace of Macon, GA. Archaeology, Car shows,We are extremely proud of the new Macon - Bibb County Seal and we would like to thank Mayor Robert A.B. Fort Macon State Park. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. Early in 1862, Union forces commanded by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside swept through eastern North Carolina, and part of Burnside’s command under Brig. Defense against the Spanish (when we were still an English colony); defense against the English (American Revolution and War of 1812); and defense against pirates who operated in North Carolina sounds. Fort Macon Looking over the fort's moat at the sally port. Total cost of the fort was $463,790. Indeed, Beaufort was captured and plundered by the Spanish in 1747, and again by the British in 1782. Fort Macon State Park is the most visited park in the state, with over one million visitors passing through here each year. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. Fort Macon, located on the eastern tip of the Bogue Banks along North Carolina's central coast, is an early-19th Century fort which has been restored as the centerpiece of one of the state's busiest State Parks. Volume I, pages 652-54. The turning point of the battle came when a Federal signal officer in Beaufort noticed this fact and signalled range correction to the batteries. 4.H.2.SS - Understand how notable structures, symbols and place names are significant to North Carolina. "Lifesavers of the Crystal Coast" DESCRIPTION Station Fort Macon's primary goals are to serve the Crystal Coast's boating public, while performing the United States Coast Guard's 11 primary missions. American Prairie Filmworks Recommended for you History of Fort Macon and coastal defense In modern times, the danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote, but during the 18th and 19th centuries, the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack. Available at Fort Macon Bookstore and at bookstores in Morehead City/Beaufort Area, Paul Branch, Fort Macon, A History (Charleston, SC: Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1999) The definitive history of the Fort. Welcome to the Official U.S. Coast Guard Station Fort Macon Facebook page. Naval vessels involved in the Siege of Fort Macon. He was 27 years old, ranked number two in the West Point Class of 1858, and suffered from severe epilepsy. The lack of funds and the usual bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about 1934. On April 25, 1862, Parke’s Union forces bombarded the fort with heavy siege guns for 11 hours, aided by the fire of four Union navy gunboats in the ocean offshore and by floating batteries in the sound to the east. The fort was built in 1826 and garrisoned in 1834. The Confederates responded with at least 21 of their 54 guns which could bear on the Federal positions. Fort Dobbs was begun in 1756 during French and Indian War, but the war ended and the fort was never completed. The actual battle reports of the commanders involved in the Siege of Fort Macon are reprinted here. Cost of construction was $463,790. Today, Fort Macon is one of the most popular state parks in North Carolina, attracting over a million visitors each year. Two ships suffered damage. During the period 1841-46 engineers made structural improvements to the fort's defenses. The perceived threat was from countries such as Spain and Britain, who had both invaded the port in the eighteenth century. This same article on the capture of Fort Macon appeared in both The Prescott Journal and The Hudson North Star on May 7, 1862. COVID-19 information for parks under Modified Stay at Home Order, Maintain a social distance of 6 feet, regardless of the behavior of others, Bring a mask or face covering; they are required to be worn inside buildings and when social distancing cannot be implemented, Share the trail — warn other trail users of your presence, step to the side or wait at the end of a bridge, Do not enter restrooms until others have cleared out and please be patient when staff is cleaning them, Wash or sanitize your hands before, during, and after your visit, Do not share equipment like phones or cameras with other visitors, If the park seems crowded when you arrive, come back another time, Stay at home if you are exhibiting symptoms. Fort Macon was initially purchased by the state of North Carolina in 1924, and with the exception of being garrisoned during World War II, it has been a state park ever since. It is our mission to support Fort Macon State Park’s restoration and preservation as well as maintain and develop educational exhibits. *Note: Works well combined with Civil War Musket Firing program. By 4:30 p.m., two of the fort’s powder magazines were in danger of being hit and exploded by Federal shells. The outer wall of fort (scarp wall) is about 24 feet high. Daniel H. Hill, Bethel to Sharpsburg, 2 Volumes (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton Company, 1926). Fort Macon Marker By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 4. Swim beaches and areas are closed. Campgrounds remain open under the order. After several skirmishes with Confederate soldiers, Parke’s men succeeded in entrenching as close as 1400 yards from the fort, while three batteries of siege guns (two batteries of mortars and one of 30-pounder Parrott Rifle guns) were established 1280 to 1680 yards from the fort. On October 1, 1946, the Army returned the fort and the park to the state. weekdays only, 121 W. Jones St. The fort’s Confederate garrison was then paroled as prisoners of war. Volume IX, pages 270-294. Construction of the fort that now stands began in 1826. Siege of Fort Macon, 29 March-26 April 1862, The final major success during General Burnsides expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862 The final major success during General Burnside’s expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. Today, Fort Macon is one of North Carolina’s most visited state parks, welcoming more than 1 million visitors each year. A history of the fort. These were the most guns the fort ever had. It was named after North Carolina 's eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and it was improved with further modification during 1841-46. After World War II, the fort again became a state park. Brig. This ambitious undertaking involved the construction of thirty-eight new, permanent coastal forts known as the Third System. (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. The Union army held Fort Macon for the remainder of the war, while Beaufort Harbor served as an important coaling and repair station for the Union navy. At the start of the Civil War, North Carolina seized Fort Macon. While the fort easily repulsed the Union gunboat attack, the Union land batteries, utilizing new rifled cannons, hit the fort 560 times. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of Company C, First Artillery, during the siege and reduction of Fort Macon: As you are aware, I was ordered to leave my light battery at New Berne and report to you with three Parrot 30-pounder guns as part of the siege train for the reduction of Fort Macon, and that they did their work well the sequel has proved. The forts were built between 1817 and 1865. Standing tall for over 200 years, Fort Macon is a tenacious symbol for the Crystal Coast running along the Atlantic Ocean to the East of North Carolina. *, View the contact sheet for the email address and phone number of each park », (General information – please do not call this number for camping or park-specific questions), Office Hours Fort Macon was designed by Brig. Paul Branch, The Siege of Fort Macon (Morehead City, NC: Herald Printing, 1982). There were 40 men living in each room. The fort was occupied from December, 1941, to November, 1944. 4.C.1.SS - Understand the impact of various cultural groups on North Carolina. Fort Macon: History - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. Federal forces continued to occupy Fort Macon through the remainder of the war. A concise general history of Fort Macon. It's a great dayhike for adults and families year-round. Fort is of pentagon shape. The Friends of Fort Macon is an all-volunteer, tax exempt organization. Reconstruction was ending and Government troops were being removed from the South. John G. Barrett, The Civil War in North Carolina (Chapel Hill: University of N.C. Press, 1963), pages 10-11, 113-120. CCSS.Literacy.RI.4.7 - Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively. For the 12 years after the war, Federal soldiers continued to occupy the fort. There are 26 casemates in fort (including sally port). A system of stone jetties was constructed in the 1840s to control erosion. However, at the bidding of North Carolina leaders, a Congressional Act on June 4, 1924, gave the fort and surrounding reservation to the state of North Carolina to be used as a public park. 7.G.1 - Understand how geography, demographic trends, and environmental conditions shape modern societies and regions. Finally, in 1903, the U.S.Army completely abandoned the fort. There is plenty of history to learn about and sights to see while you visit with us here at Fort Macon State Park. The fort commandant was Col. Moses J. Federal forces took possession of the fort on the following day. (Submitted on May 29, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) Work started in 1826 and lasted 8 years to 1834. 2303 East Fort Macon Rd There was such exetensive damage that Col. White was forced to surrender the following morning, April 26. Chief Engineers who were responsible for constructing the fort were Lieutenant William Eliason, Captain John L. Smith and Lieutenant George Dutton, U.S. Army Engineers. Vol. A number of allied ships and one German submarine were sunk just off the coast from the fort. One side guards mouth of inlet, two guard channel and back sounds, one looks over harbor, and one covers beach approaches. Fort Macon was named for Nathaniel Macon, very prominent North Carolina statesman of that period. Please check the park pages for more information about camping procedures. 649 were here. Picnic shelters and group campsites that accommodate less than 50 people are open. This in turn was emptied by a pipe into the ditch under the bridge. The purpose of Fort Macon was to guard Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, the only major deep water ocean port in North Carolina. Although the troops here saw no action, the submarine war known as the “Battle of the Atlantic” was ever present. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. Named in honor of Nathaniel Macon, a United States congressman and senator and a leading early-republic statesman of North Carolina, Fort Macon was built after the War of 1812 to defend America and North Carolina from The fort was seized April 14, 1861, by a company of local troops acting without state orders. Visitor centers and park offices are open, and masks or face coverings are required to enter. (ISBN 1.877853-45-3). For more information on During 1934-1935 the Civilian Conservation Corps restored the fort and established public recreational facilities which enabled Fort Macon State Park to officially open May 1, 1936, as North Carolina’s first functioning state park. XXVII (April, 1950), pages 163-77. Fort Macon: A History Paul Branch This is a story of Fort Macon, one of America’s most visited forts, describing the many dramatic parts it has played in our history. The fort had three magazines to store powder and ammunition, one located behind each of the three stairways. Bathroom facilities were outside the fort. All students are encouraged to wear closed-toe shoes for walking. Fort Macon's largest public parking area, the Boathouse, is located close to the entrance, but history buffs will want to drive on until they reach the official entrance to the Fort Macon Historic Site. U.S. War Department, War of Rebellion, A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 70 Volumes in 128 Parts (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901). Construction of the present fort … Col. Moses J. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. Paul Branch, a ranger/historian at Fort Macon has illustrated his book with original engineering … On April 25, 1862, the Federal batteries opened fire on the fort. A history of the fort. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. Since that time, the fort has been restored by the State. Rather than be blown up by their own gunpowder, the garrison had little choice but to surrender. The state quickly garrisoned the fort with more companies, making in all about 900 men. The stairways provided added protection against shellfire. White, of Mississippi. In 1809, the Government built Fort Hampton, a circular brick masonry structure about 300 yards northeast of site of Fort Macon. Check out our regularly or seasonally available activities below. This battle was the second time in history that rifled cannons had been used against a fort and demonstrated the obsolescence of fortifications such as Fort Macon as a way of defense. The Confederates worked feverishly to prepare the fort for battle over the next few months. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. From this time until 1861, it was intermittently occupied by troops, engineer detachments making repairs and improvements, or ordnance sergeants acting as caretakers. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the US Army Corps of Engineers. Major General Ambrose Burnside led Federal forces through the northeastern sound region of the state in February, 1862, and finally entered the Neuse River to capture New Bern on March 14. The fort had been hit 560 times by artillery fire. From its completion in 1834 until the start of the U.S. Civil War in 1861 it was garrisoned for less than six years and in … Its guns protected the harbor through the War of 1812, but it was afterward abandoned. "Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set" - Proverbs Get Directions ». Seventeen guns were knocked out or damaged. Construction began in 1826 and lasted eight years. The fort was not even used during World War I and in 1923 it was offered for sale as surplus military property. Al White: The Story of a Marine Grunt in the First Battle of Khe Sanh (April 1967) - Duration: 1:19:39. Larger outdoor facilities with a maximum capacity of more than 50 people are also not available for reservation. The fort was virtually abandoned except for caretakers until 1898 when, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American war, it was occupied by a portion of the Third North Carolina Volunteers, an all-Black regiment commanded by Colonel James Young, also an African American. Fort Dobbs was never finished, and the inlet remained undefended during the American Revolution. Other forts on the coast (Sumter, Pulaski, Jackson, Jefferson, Morgan, Monroe, etc.) Fort Macon in Carteret County, North Carolina was one of a series of forts originally built to protect the state’s main deep ocean port, known as the Beaufort Inlet. U.S. Navy Department, The Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of Rebellion, 30 Volumes (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1894-1927). Parke’s men captured Morehead City and Beaufort without resistance, then landed on Bogue Banks during March and April to operate against Fort Macon. Wells outside the fort provided drinking water. The purpose was to prevent enemy soldiers from overrunning the ditch and moat to penetrate into the main part of the fort. Fort Macon was held by both Confederate and Union forces throughout history and Blackbeard the pirate was documented to pass alongside the fort through Beaufort Inlet In 1876 the prisoners were transferred elsewhere and by April of 1877 all the garrison troops at the fort were withdrawn. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. It was used in this period as a Federal prison since there were no such prison facilities in either North or South Carolina during the Reconstruction. 4.G.1.SS - Understand how human, environmental and technological factors affect the growth and development of North Carolina. Early in the 1800s, continued strained relations with Great Britian caused the United States government to build a national defense chain of forts for protection. Radio and communications rooms, map-plotting rooms, and so forth were housed in the fort. After 1903 the fort was abandoned for years. By the 1940s the park was serving the public, thanks to their massive efforts. As a result of congressional economizing, the fort was actively garrisoned only from 1834-1836, 1842-1844 and 1848-1849. Volume VII, pages 277-83. Beaufort was captured and pillaged by the Spanish (1747), and captured by the English (1782), (see article: Blackbeard’s visit to Beaufort Inlet). 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