The water was tidal. Burnside wanted to have Beaufort Harbor in his possession for the use of his own supply ships, as well as the ships of the Federal Navy. Walter Clark (ed. As a part of this defense, a small masonry fort named Fort Hampton, after a North Carolina Revolutionary War hero, was built to guard Beaufort Inlet during 1808-09. Fort Macon State Park's Eliot Coues' Trail lets you hike through many diverse habitats, including the rarely-found maritime forest. 8.G.1 - Understand the geographic factors that influenced North Carolina and the United States. Fort Macon is a Third System fort designed by Brigadier General Simon Bernard and built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1826 and 1834. The wall inside fort overlooking parade ground is 17 feet high. Some 9.2 million bricks were used. Fort Macon was part of a massive coastal defense program launched by President James Monroe to protect the coast without having to maintain a large navy. Get Directions ». Weather appropriate clothing. It was named in honor of Nathaniel Macon (1758-1837), a U.S. congressman, senator, and leading Republican statesman of North Carolina. 2303 East Fort Macon Rd By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. The actual battle reports of the commanders involved in the Siege of Fort Macon are reprinted here. Once protecting the small coastal town of Beaufort from assaults by Spanish raids, pirates such as Blackbeard and even the Confederate Army, Fort Macon is now a State Park of North Carolina and has been so since 1924. This project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who later became a general of the Confederate States Army. Major General Ambrose Burnside led Federal forces through the northeastern sound region of the state in February, 1862, and finally entered the Neuse River to capture New Bern on March 14. The lack of funds and the usual bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about 1934. Welcome to the Official U.S. Coast Guard Station Fort Macon Facebook page. The Friends of Fort Macon is an all-volunteer, tax exempt organization. I haven't been here in years. The fort was not even used during World War I and in 1923 it was offered for sale as surplus military property. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the US Army Corps of Engineers. This fort guarded the inlet during the subsequent War of 1812, but was abandoned after the end of the war. Paul Branch, The Siege of Fort Macon (Morehead City, NC: Herald Printing, 1982). Raleigh, NC 27699-1615, Contact the Park Office at least three weeks in advance. Fort Dobbs was begun in 1756 during French and Indian War, but the war ended and the fort was never completed. Richard A. Sauers, A Succession of Honorable Victories, The Burnside Expedition in North Carolina, (Dayton: Morningside House, Inc., 1996), Pages 308-340. Fort Macon, located on the eastern tip of the Bogue Banks along North Carolina's central coast, is an early-19th Century fort which has been restored as the centerpiece of one of the state's busiest State Parks. Larger outdoor facilities with a maximum capacity of more than 50 people are also not available for reservation. After 1903 the fort was abandoned for years. Total cost of the fort was $463,790. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Richard S. Barry, “Fort Macon: Its History,” North Carolina Historical Review, Fort Macon was designed by Brig. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. Gutters in the walls caught rain water filtering through the sand from above and piped it to the four large cisterns located in the corners below the parade ground (they could hold 22,000 gallons). (North Carolina was one of three states requiring this arrangement.). Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, Being For the Most Part Contributions by Union and Confederate Officers, 4 Volumes, (New York: Thomas Yoseloff, Inc., 1956). weekdays only, 121 W. Jones St. Today, Fort Macon is one of the most popular state parks in North Carolina, attracting over a million visitors each year. 1615 Mail Service Center Fort Macon State Park is the second most visited state park in North Carolina, with an annual visitation of 1.3 million, despite being the third smallest park in North Carolina with 389 acres (1.57 km 2). Federal forces continued to occupy Fort Macon through the remainder of the war. The War of 1812 demonstrated the weakness of existing coastal defenses and prompted the United States government into beginning construction on an improved chain of coastal fortifications for national defense. Fort has outer line of defense (covertway) and an inner citadel. Indeed, Beaufort was captured and plundered by the Spanish in 1747, and again by the British in 1782. Brig. Fort is of pentagon shape. At that time the Civilian Conservation Corps, one of the government work programs spawned by the Great Depression, began to work on the fort to counteract the years of neglect and make it presentable to the public. The prisoners were mostly Government prisoners with an occasional civil prisoner (such as a murderer or rapist) thrown in. Lee noted in 1840 the site of the fort was denoted by a line of breakers offshore. Federal forces took possession of the fort on the following day. The Confederate force was later attacked in 1862, and the fort fell int… Its guns protected the harbor through the War of 1812, but it was afterward abandoned. This ambitious undertaking involved the construction of thirty-eight new, permanent coastal forts known as the Third System. Daniel H. Hill, Bethel to Sharpsburg, 2 Volumes (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton Company, 1926). Fort Macon was designed by Brig. Senator Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina, who procured the funds to build the fort. Fort Macon and the surrounding property was the second area acquired by the state for the purpose of establishing a state parks system. Fort Macon Looking over the fort's moat at the sally port. Cost of construction was $463,790. The fort had three magazines to store powder and ammunition, one located behind each of the three stairways. Located on Bogue Banks near Atlantic Beach, the park opened in 1936. Although the troops here saw no action, the submarine war known as the “Battle of the Atlantic” was ever present. Standing tall for over 200 years, Fort Macon is a tenacious symbol for the Crystal Coast running along the Atlantic Ocean to the East of North Carolina. Home on parole until exchanged American Revolution through here each year U.S.Army actively occupied fort Macon the. 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