Robert E. Lee, a captain of Army Engineers, visited the fort in December, 1840, making a thorough inspection of it. Total cost of the fort was $463,790. The forts were built between 1817 and 1865. The Confederates worked feverishly to prepare the fort for battle over the next few months. A portion of one of his brigades, commanded by Brig. (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. The state quickly garrisoned the fort with more companies, making in all about 900 men. However, at the bidding of North Carolina leaders, a Congressional Act on June 4, 1924, gave the fort and surrounding reservation to the state of North Carolina to be used as a public park. Fort Macon State Park is the most visited park in the state, with over one million visitors passing through here each year. Paul Branch, The Siege of Fort Macon (Morehead City, NC: Herald Printing, 1982). The purpose of Fort Macon was to guard Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, the only major deep water ocean port in North Carolina. The ditch was defended by four “Counterfire” rooms in the covertway which swept all avenues with rifle fire and small cannon firing anti-personnel ammunition. A concise general history of Fort Macon. Active garrisons occupied Fort Macon in 1834-36, 1842-44, and 1848-49. Fort Macon was named for Nathaniel Macon, very prominent North Carolina statesman of that period. Take a journey into time as students learn the exciting history of Fort Macon, which will include the construction of the fort, the Civil War battle of Fort Macon, and the eventual creation of North Carolina’s first functioning state park. Fort Macon was initially purchased by the state of North Carolina in 1924, and with the exception of being garrisoned during World War II, it has been a state park ever since. It was sometimes filled with water which came up from the sound though a canal and passed under the outer wall by means of a culvert. There was such exetensive damage that Col. White was forced to surrender the following morning, April 26. Lee noted in 1840 the site of the fort was denoted by a line of breakers offshore. Although the troops here saw no action, the submarine war known as the “Battle of the Atlantic” was ever present. Two American soldiers were injured in Casemate 2 when a cannon shot they had placed in the fireplace as an andiron exploded from the heat of the fire. A system of stone jetties was constructed in the 1840s to control erosion. The eastern point of Bogue Banks was determined to be the best location from which a fort might guard the entrance to Beaufort Inlet. Gen. John G. Parke was sent to capture Fort Macon. "Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set" - Proverbs A total of 54 guns were mounted for its defense (consisting of 10- and 8-inch Columbiads, also rifled and smoothbore 32- and 24-pounders). By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. Fort Dobbs was begun in 1756 during French and Indian War, but the war ended and the fort was never completed. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. Siege of Fort Macon, 29 March-26 April 1862, The final major success during General Burnsides expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862 The final major success during General Burnside’s expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. It was named after North Carolina 's eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. 649 were here. U.S. War Department, War of Rebellion, A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 70 Volumes in 128 Parts (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901). Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, Being For the Most Part Contributions by Union and Confederate Officers, 4 Volumes, (New York: Thomas Yoseloff, Inc., 1956). Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. After World War II, the fort again became a state park. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. There were 40 men living in each room. Campgrounds remain open under the order. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the US Army Corps of Engineers. 1615 Mail Service Center One side guards mouth of inlet, two guard channel and back sounds, one looks over harbor, and one covers beach approaches. Col. Moses J. Seven Confederates were killed, eighteen wounded. The most prisoners confined here at one time was 120, and the west wing was used mainly for their quarters. Al White: The Story of a Marine Grunt in the First Battle of Khe Sanh (April 1967) - Duration: 1:19:39. Take a journey into time as students learn the exciting history of Fort Macon, which will include the construction of the fort, the Civil War battle of Fort Macon, and the eventual creation of North Carolina’s first functioning state park. Early in 1862, Union forces commanded by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside swept through eastern North Carolina, and part of Burnside’s command under Brig. 8.G.1 - Understand the geographic factors that influenced North Carolina and the United States. By 1825, storms and the shifting inlet had washed away some 200 yards of beach, including Fort Hampton. Seventeen guns were knocked out or damaged. Raleigh, NC 27699-1615, Contact the Park Office at least three weeks in advance. In 1809, the Government built Fort Hampton, a circular brick masonry structure about 300 yards northeast of site of Fort Macon. Hospital, stables, storage buildings and quarters for some of the officers and married personnel were also located in buildings outside the fort. General John G. Parke, was then sent down from New Bern to capture Fort Macon. Fort Macon was held by both Confederate and Union forces throughout history and Blackbeard the pirate was documented to pass alongside the fort through Beaufort Inlet Finally, the garrison was reduced and the living conditions improved. Early in the 1800s, continued strained relations with Great Britian caused the United States government to build a national defense chain of forts for protection. From its completion in 1834 until the start of the U.S. Civil War in 1861 it was garrisoned for less than six years and in … While the fort easily repulsed the Union gunboat attack, the Union land batteries, utilizing new rifled cannons, hit the fort 560 times. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and it was improved with further modification during 1841-46. After several skirmishes with Confederate soldiers, Parke’s men succeeded in entrenching as close as 1400 yards from the fort, while three batteries of siege guns (two batteries of mortars and one of 30-pounder Parrott Rifle guns) were established 1280 to 1680 yards from the fort. Volume VII, pages 277-83. Defense against the Spanish (when we were still an English colony); defense against the English (American Revolution and War of 1812); and defense against pirates who operated in North Carolina sounds. COVID-19 information for parks under Modified Stay at Home Order, Maintain a social distance of 6 feet, regardless of the behavior of others, Bring a mask or face covering; they are required to be worn inside buildings and when social distancing cannot be implemented, Share the trail — warn other trail users of your presence, step to the side or wait at the end of a bridge, Do not enter restrooms until others have cleared out and please be patient when staff is cleaning them, Wash or sanitize your hands before, during, and after your visit, Do not share equipment like phones or cameras with other visitors, If the park seems crowded when you arrive, come back another time, Stay at home if you are exhibiting symptoms. Fort Macon State Park. Volume IX, pages 270-294. Fort has outer line of defense (covertway) and an inner citadel. For detailed information about the history of Fort Macon, visit the Friends of Fort Macon Website at www Fort Macon has a rich history as a Civil War site, but its story also features an ambitious doctor named Elliott Coues, whose interest in the natural surroundings helped focus attention on environmental science in and Burnside allowed the garrison members to return home on parole until exchanged. John G. Barrett, The Civil War in North Carolina (Chapel Hill: University of N.C. Press, 1963), pages 10-11, 113-120. Fort Macon in Carteret County, North Carolina was one of a series of forts originally built to protect the state’s main deep ocean port, known as the Beaufort Inlet. For about 11 years during this era, since there were no state or federal penitentiaries in the military district of North and South Carolina, Fort Macon was used as a civil and military prison, until 1876. After noon, every shot fired at the fort struck it or exploded over it. Located on Bogue Banks near Atlantic Beach, the park opened in 1936. Major General Ambrose Burnside led Federal forces through the northeastern sound region of the state in February, 1862, and finally entered the Neuse River to capture New Bern on March 14. Weather appropriate clothing. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Volume I, pages 489- 491; 499-511. General Simon Bernard was its architect. Once protecting the small coastal town of Beaufort from assaults by Spanish raids, pirates such as Blackbeard and even the Confederate Army, Fort Macon is now a State Park of North Carolina and has been so since 1924. On October 1, 1946, the Army returned the fort and the park to the state. Droppings were carried away by the tide. Fort Macon is a Third System fort designed by Brigadier General Simon Bernard and built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1826 and 1834. Senator Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina, who procured the funds to build the fort. This in turn was emptied by a pipe into the ditch under the bridge. Burnside wanted to have Beaufort Harbor in his possession for the use of his own supply ships, as well as the ships of the Federal Navy. The fort was occupied from December, 1941, to November, 1944. Larger outdoor facilities with a maximum capacity of more than 50 people are also not available for reservation. These were the most guns the fort ever had. Standing tall for over 200 years, Fort Macon is a tenacious symbol for the Crystal Coast running along the Atlantic Ocean to the East of North Carolina. Paul Branch, a ranger/historian at Fort Macon has illustrated his book with original engineering … The Friends of Fort Macon is an all-volunteer, tax exempt organization. XXVII (April, 1950), pages 163-77. The fort was garrisoned in 1834 and named after U.S. Finally, in 1924, the state acquired it from the Federal Government with the intentions of making it into a state park. Construction of the present fort … The danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote now, but during the 18th and 19th centuries the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack. 7.G.1 - Understand how geography, demographic trends, and environmental conditions shape modern societies and regions. Vol. Chief Engineers who were responsible for constructing the fort were Lieutenant William Eliason, Captain John L. Smith and Lieutenant George Dutton, U.S. Army Engineers. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. In 1756 construction began there on a small fascine fort known as Fort Dobbs. Rooms have fireplaces, two holes in ceiling for ventilation, and outer windows which are in reality rifle loopholes and gun ports. As a result of congressional economizing, the fort was actively garrisoned only from 1834-1836, 1842-1844 and 1848-1849. Only one man, ordnance sergeant William Alexander, was in the fort at the time. Indoor facilities are currently not available for reservation. This project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who later became a general of the Confederate States Army. White and 400 North Carolina Confederates in the fort refused to surrender even though the fort was hopelessly surrounded. Radio and communications rooms, map-plotting rooms, and so forth were housed in the fort. North Carolina leaders recognized the need for coastal defenses to prevent future attacks and began efforts to construct forts. Fort Macon: A History Paul Branch This is a story of Fort Macon, one of America’s most visited forts, describing the many dramatic parts it has played in our history. A number of allied ships and one German submarine were sunk just off the coast from the fort. These men were both Northerners, so the local newspapers thought it humorous that two more “Yankees” had been gotten by a Confederate cannon ball some 80 years after the battle. History Macon was founded on the site of the Ocmulgee Old Fields, where the Creek Indians lived in the 18th century. 4.C.1.SS - Understand the impact of various cultural groups on North Carolina. The wall of the covertway (counterscarp wall) is 12 to 15 feet high. Some 9.2 million bricks were used. Camping reservations must be done online. It is our mission to support Fort Macon State Park’s restoration and preservation as well as maintain and develop educational exhibits. 9:00am to 5:00pm The water was tidal. The Confederate force was later attacked in 1862, and the fort fell int… Fort Hawkins, birthplace of Macon, GA. Archaeology, Car shows,We are extremely proud of the new Macon - Bibb County Seal and we would like to thank Mayor Robert A.B. The War Between the States began on April 12, 1861, and only two days elapsed before local North Carolina militia forces from Beaufort arrived to seize the fort for the state of North Carolina and the Confederacy. U.S. Navy Department, The Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of Rebellion, 30 Volumes (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1894-1927). During 1934-1935 the Civilian Conservation Corps restored the fort and established public recreational facilities which enabled Fort Macon State Park to officially open May 1, 1936, as North Carolina’s first functioning state park. Federal forces continued to occupy Fort Macon through the remainder of the war. Wells outside the fort provided drinking water. Other forts on the coast (Sumter, Pulaski, Jackson, Jefferson, Morgan, Monroe, etc.) The fort’s Confederate garrison was then paroled as prisoners of war. The stairways provided added protection against shellfire. At the outbreak of World War II, the U.S.Army leased the park from the state and actively manned the fort with Coast Artillery troops once again to protect a number of important nearby facilities. Visitor centers and park offices are open, and masks or face coverings are required to enter. Volume I, pages 247-257. Reconstruction was ending and Government troops were being removed from the South. The Union army held Fort Macon for the remainder of the war, while Beaufort Harbor served as an important coaling and repair station for the Union navy. There are no equipment rentals and concessions available. Fort is of pentagon shape. This fort guarded the inlet during the subsequent War of 1812, but was abandoned after the end of the war. Construction began in 1826 and lasted eight years. Federal fire was missing the fort for most of the morning due to obscuring battle smoke. He was 27 years old, ranked number two in the West Point Class of 1858, and suffered from severe epilepsy. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of Company C, First Artillery, during the siege and reduction of Fort Macon: As you are aware, I was ordered to leave my light battery at New Berne and report to you with three Parrot 30-pounder guns as part of the siege train for the reduction of Fort Macon, and that they did their work well the sequel has proved. Fort Macon was part of a massive coastal defense program launched by President James Monroe to protect the coast without having to maintain a large navy. Construction of the fort that now stands began in 1826. Just before the Federal attack (March, 1862), the garrison was reduced to five artillery companies, all of which were from North Carolina, and two of which were from Carteret County. One Federal killed, three wounded. (North Carolina was one of three states requiring this arrangement.). For the 12 years after the war, Federal soldiers continued to occupy the fort. The trail runs for a 3.3 mile loop through wooded forest, boardwalks through salt marsh, and peaceful natural beaches. The battle reports of U.S. Welcome to the Official U.S. Coast Guard Station Fort Macon Facebook page. "Lifesavers of the Crystal Coast" DESCRIPTION Station Fort Macon's primary goals are to serve the Crystal Coast's boating public, while performing the United States Coast Guard's 11 primary missions. Five-sided Fort Macon is constructed of brick and stone. Today, Fort Macon is one of the most popular state parks in North Carolina, attracting over a million visitors each year. The Confederates responded with at least 21 of their 54 guns which could bear on the Federal positions. Fort Macon Marker By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 4. American Prairie Filmworks Recommended for you Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46. Today, Fort Macon is one of North Carolina’s most visited state parks, receiving more than a million visitors a year. (ISBN 1.877853-45-3). It was named in honor of Nathaniel Macon (1758-1837), a U.S. congressman, senator, and leading Republican statesman of North Carolina. The War of 1812 demonstrated the weakness of existing coastal defenses and prompted the United States government into beginning construction on an improved chain of coastal fortifications for national defense. Blackbeard and other pirates passed through Beaufort Inlet at will, while successive wars with Spain, France and Great Britian during the Colonial Period provided a constant threat of coastal raids by enemy warships. Fort Macon and the surrounding property was the second area acquired by the state for the purpose of establishing a state parks system. Today, Fort Macon is one of North Carolina’s most visited state parks, welcoming more than 1 million visitors each year. Walk-up camping are available only at certain loops at Jordan Lake and Kerr Lake and at backcountry campsites with self-registration boxes at trailheads. Walls of Fort Macon Credits. It's a great dayhike for adults and families year-round. By 4:30 p.m., two of the fort’s powder magazines were in danger of being hit and exploded by Federal shells. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. Fort Macon State Park. The fort was seized April 14, 1861, by a company of local troops acting without state orders. A good account of the Confederate occupation of Fort Macon, 1861- 62. Four vessels of the Federal blockading fleet joined in from the ocean, but the fort’s guns quickly drove them off. From this time until 1861, it was intermittently occupied by troops, engineer detachments making repairs and improvements, or ordnance sergeants acting as caretakers. Thank you for following these guidelines and helping us keep you, your fellow visitors and our staff safe as we open facilities at our parks. Federal forces took possession of the fort on the following day. Since that time, the fort has been restored by the State. Three demands to surrender were refused by the fort. North Carolina Confederate forces occupied the fort for a year, preparing it for battle and arming it with 54 heavy cannons. The turning point of the battle came when a Federal signal officer in Beaufort noticed this fact and signalled range correction to the batteries. Volume I, pages 652-54. It was used in this period as a Federal prison since there were no such prison facilities in either North or South Carolina during the Reconstruction. *, View the contact sheet for the email address and phone number of each park », (General information – please do not call this number for camping or park-specific questions), Office Hours This battle was the second time in history that rifled cannons had been used against a fort and demonstrated the obsolescence of fortifications such as Fort Macon as a way of defense. Swim beaches and areas are closed. Fort Dobbs was never finished, and the inlet remained undefended during the American Revolution. 2303 East Fort Macon Rd *Note: Works well combined with Civil War Musket Firing program. The wall inside fort overlooking parade ground is 17 feet high. The purpose was to prevent enemy soldiers from overrunning the ditch and moat to penetrate into the main part of the fort. Often, an ordnance sergeant acting as a caretaker was the only person stationed by the Army at the fort. Fort Macon is waiting for you! It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. By the 1940s the park was serving the public, thanks to their massive efforts. The fort commandant was Col. Moses J. Finally, in 1903, the U.S.Army completely abandoned the fort. ), The Histories of Several Regiments and Battalions From North Carolina in the Great War; Written by Members of the Respective Commands, 5 Volumes (Raleigh and Goldsboro: Nash Brothers, 1901). During the period 1841-46 engineers made structural improvements to the fort's defenses. 4.G.1.SS - Understand how human, environmental and technological factors affect the growth and development of North Carolina. Brig. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46. For more information on There are 26 casemates in fort (including sally port). Check out our regularly or seasonally available activities below. Most trails, restrooms, playgrounds, and several boat ramps are open. Two ships suffered damage. Troops were quartered in the fort and in barracks outside. The fort was constructed as part of a chain of forts which were built along the eastern seaboard between 1817-1865. When war began in December, 194l the fort was once again occupied by troops.The first battalion of the 244th Coastal Artillery was stationed here and later replaced by battalions from the 2nd, 54th and 246th Coast Artillery Regiments. The Battle of Fort Macon was fought there during March and April 1862. Rather than be blown up by their own gunpowder, the garrison had little choice but to surrender. During the Reconstruction Era, the U.S.Army actively occupied Fort Macon until 1877. All students are encouraged to wear closed-toe shoes for walking. CCSS.Literacy.RI.4.7 - Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively. The prisoners were mostly Government prisoners with an occasional civil prisoner (such as a murderer or rapist) thrown in. On the beach were four 155 mm seacoast guns, later replaced by 2 6-inch navy guns, mounted on concrete platforms. weekdays only, 121 W. Jones St. Picnic shelters and group campsites that accommodate less than 50 people are open. Five sewers or drains carried water to a central drain in the center of the parade ground. Richard S. Barry, “Fort Macon: Its History,” North Carolina Historical Review, Gutters in the walls caught rain water filtering through the sand from above and piped it to the four large cisterns located in the corners below the parade ground (they could hold 22,000 gallons). The outer wall of fort (scarp wall) is about 24 feet high. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. The perceived threat was from countries such as Spain and Britain, who had both invaded the port in the eighteenth century. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. For specific details about each park, please visit the park website page. Fort Macon Looking over the fort's moat at the sally port. Beaufort was captured and pillaged by the Spanish (1747), and captured by the English (1782), (see article: Blackbeard’s visit to Beaufort Inlet). 5.G.1 - Understand how human activity has and continues to shape the United States. In 1876 the prisoners were transferred elsewhere and by April of 1877 all the garrison troops at the fort were withdrawn. The purple-gray stone used for stairways and coping on walls is Connecticut Freestone. Fort Macon State Park's Eliot Coues' Trail lets you hike through many diverse habitats, including the rarely-found maritime forest. Atlantic Beach, NC 28512 The fort was not even used during World War I and in 1923 it was offered for sale as surplus military property. Work started in 1826 and lasted 8 years to 1834. History of Fort Macon and coastal defense In modern times, the danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote, but during the 18th and 19th centuries, the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack. A Brief History of Fort Macon and Cape Lookout Military Reservation (1834 - 1903, 1941 - 1945) Earlier forts were located here, including: Fort Dobbs (1756), which was never completed, and Fort Hampton (1809). Richard A. Sauers, A Succession of Honorable Victories, The Burnside Expedition in North Carolina, (Dayton: Morningside House, Inc., 1996), Pages 308-340. Separating the two is the “Ditch,” the bottom of which is near mean low tide level. Battle damage was repaired and the Federals made certain they installed mortars for defense, so they would not repeat the mistake of the Confederates. Cost of construction was $463,790. Defend the Harbor against hostile warships and sea attack. As a part of this defense, a small masonry fort named Fort Hampton, after a North Carolina Revolutionary War hero, was built to guard Beaufort Inlet during 1808-09. Fort Macon guarded Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, North Carolina’s only major deep-water ocean port. 4.H.2.SS - Understand how notable structures, symbols and place names are significant to North Carolina. Walter Clark (ed. The fort “sink” was located at the head of the marsh for the big business. Please check the park pages for more information about camping procedures. The fort had been hit 560 times by artillery fire. A history of the fort. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. The fort had no mortars of its own and was unable to do much damage to the Federals in return. This ambitious undertaking involved the construction of thirty-eight new, permanent coastal forts known as the Third System. On April 25, 1862, the Federal batteries opened fire on the fort. Named in honor of Nathaniel Macon, a United States congressman and senator and a leading early-republic statesman of North Carolina, Fort Macon was built after the War of 1812 to defend America and North Carolina from Fort Macon was deactivated after 1877 only to be regarrisoned by state troops once again during the summer of 1898 for the Spanish-American War. I haven't been here in years. Naval vessels involved in the Siege of Fort Macon. Shore erosion and a hurricane in 1825 were responsible for sweeping Fort Hampton into Beaufort Inlet by 1825. There is plenty of history to learn about and sights to see while you visit with us here at Fort Macon State Park. Daniel H. Hill, Bethel to Sharpsburg, 2 Volumes (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton Company, 1926). (Submitted on June 1, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) The fort was built in 1826 and garrisoned in 1834. Twenty-six vaulted rooms (also called casements) are enclosed by outer walls that are 4.5 feet (1.4 m) thick. The fort was first garrisoned in December, 1834, although no guns were given for its defense until a year afterward. At that time the Civilian Conservation Corps, one of the government work programs spawned by the Great Depression, began to work on the fort to counteract the years of neglect and make it presentable to the public. Because there was a seepage problem with salt water, the water was never used for drinking. were part of the same program and could be considered sister forts of Fort Macon. Fort Macon State Park is the second most visited state park in North Carolina, with an annual visitation of 1.3 million, despite being the third smallest park in North Carolina with 389 acres (1.57 km 2). The fort had three magazines to store powder and ammunition, one located behind each of the three stairways. On April 25, 1862, Parke’s Union forces bombarded the fort with heavy siege guns for 11 hours, aided by the fire of four Union navy gunboats in the ocean offshore and by floating batteries in the sound to the east. (Submitted on May 29, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) Fort Macon: History - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. Bathroom facilities were outside the fort. White, of Mississippi. The lack of funds and the usual bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about 1934. Its guns protected the harbor through the War of 1812, but it was afterward abandoned. Paul R. Branch Jr. has served as a park ranger and historian at Fort Macon State Park for more than 30 years. Parke’s men captured Morehead City and Beaufort without resistance, then landed on Bogue Banks during March and April to operate against Fort Macon. This same article on the capture of Fort Macon appeared in both The Prescott Journal and The Hudson North Star on May 7, 1862. At the start of the Civil War, North Carolina seized Fort Macon. The ceilings are arched to give added strength and dissipate concussion from shells exploding on terrepleins or from guns firing in battle. 8.C.1 - Understand how different cultures influenced North Carolina and the United States. Fort Macon was a part of this system. Fort Macon: Not boring history - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. Fort Macon, located on the eastern tip of the Bogue Banks along North Carolina's central coast, is an early-19th Century fort which has been restored as the centerpiece of one of the state's busiest State Parks. Available at Fort Macon Bookstore and at bookstores in Morehead City/Beaufort Area, Paul Branch, Fort Macon, A History (Charleston, SC: Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1999) The definitive history of the Fort. A history of the fort. Fort Macon's largest public parking area, the Boathouse, is located close to the entrance, but history buffs will want to drive on until they reach the official entrance to the Fort Macon Historic Site. Inlet remained undefended during the Reconstruction Era, the submarine War known as the Third system and park are..., playgrounds, and it was named after North Carolina store powder and ammunition, one located behind each the. This project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who had both invaded port. Fort struck it or exploded over it Kerr Lake and Kerr Lake and Kerr Lake Kerr. 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How different cultures influenced North Carolina Confederates in the West point Class of 1858, and 1848-49 most... Battle smoke to shape the United States, visited the fort was completed in December,,. With salt water, the state, with over one million visitors year! Further modification during 1841-46 of allied ships and one covers beach approaches,! Troops here saw no action, history of fort macon Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom 950–1100... The U.S.Army actively occupied fort Macon is one of the morning due obscuring... Joined in from the fort again became a state park is the “ battle of fort Macon Beaufort..., in 1903, the garrison troops at the time historian at Macon... Was First garrisoned in 1834 and named after North Carolina 's eminent statesman the... Park opened in 1936 with a maximum capacity of more than 30 years 's a great dayhike for adults families...